By Mark Jerome Walters
October-December 2006 (Vol. 7, No. 4)
- What are critical pieces of information biologists must collect in the field prior to initiating a recovery program?
- If a recovery program involves captive breeding and reintroduction, under what conditions should biologists remove viable adults from the wild? Why do you suppose the ‘alala researchers did not consider the option of removing eggs, sooner?
- What is the National Research Council? Why is it important to have independent outside review? How did this review benefit the Hawaiian raven recovery program?
- What is meant by “Do No Harm”? After reading the article and supporting documents (below), how do you think the biologists could have approached the conservation problem with less harm to the ‘alala?
Websites for Further Information
- Hawaiin crow (a.k.a raven): http://audubon2.org/webapp/watchlist/viewSpecies.jsp?id=98
- National Research Council (National Academies): http://www.nationalacademies.org/nrc/
- The Nature Conservancy Land Acquisition on Hawaii: http://www.nature.org/wherewework/northamerica/states/hawaii/press/press1161.html
Captive Breeding and Reintroduction in the News
- Scott J.M., Kepler C.B., van Riper III C, Fefer, S.I. 1988. Conservation of Hawaii’s Vanishing Avifauna: Hawaiian Birds Provide One of the Best, and Most Spectacular, Showcases of Divergent Evolution. Bioscience 38 (1) 238-253.
- Sakai H.F., Ralph C.J., Jenkins C.D. 1986. Foraging Ecology of the Hawaiian Crow, an Endangered Generalist. Condor 88 (2) 211-219.
- Captive breeding and reintroduction
- Hubris and conservation
- Hawaiian biodiversity